References must be made in the main text of your thesis wherever you refer to the work of other researchers, or use information from other sources. These references are usually required in every chapter of the thesis. The references are made by giving the names of the authors and the years of publication in the main text. In a thesis with a large number of references this method is easier to manage than the method using index numbers. The full references are listed at the end of the thesis in alphabetical order of the authors' names.
These patterns can give a "lift" to your writing. Practice them. Try using two or three different patterns for your introductory paragraph and see which introductory paragraph is best; it's often a delicate matter of tone and of knowing who your audience is. Do not forget, though, that your introductory paragraph should also include a thesis statement to let your reader know what your topic is and what you are going to say about that topic.
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